Toys play an important role in children's consumption for a long time and are important products accompanying children's growth. Remote-controlled cars, story-telling dolls, plastic dolls, magic puzzles... As Children's Day approaches, many parents will choose a toy as a holiday gift for their children. A wide variety of toy products bring more joy to children's childhood, but the quality and safety of toys is affecting the hearts of millions of parents. Due to the sensitive skin of children and the lack of precautionary awareness of children due to their young age, they are extremely vulnerable to accidental injuries when using toys, especially unqualified toys will bury huge hidden dangers for children's health and safety. So how do you test toys? This article will give you a detailed introduction to the toy detection methods and standards, I hope to help you.
In order to ensure the safety and quality of children's toys and protect the life and health of children, on January 1, 2016, the new national toy standard GB 6675-2014 "Toy Safety" part 1-4 was officially implemented. The new standard protects children more comprehensively and strictly, and has made new progress in many aspects. The requirements of sound, mechanical parts, combustion performance and other safety indicators are tightened. For plasticizers of public concern, the new standard also lists dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and six other plasticizers as restricted substances, the limit requirements are the same as the European Union.
However, according to the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine issued "Unqualified Information of Imported Industrial products" shows that since the implementation of the new national standard, there are still 32 batches of imported toys have been detected unqualified, the main items of unqualified products are small parts, plasticizer exceeded the standard, phthalates exceeded the standard, no 3C certification mark and Chinese mark, which also involves many foreign well-known brands. Origin for the United States, Japan, Taiwan, Italy and so on. With the continuous improvement of domestic consumption level, more and more families choose "foreign products" when buying toys for their children.
What are the domestic and foreign standards for children's toys? Which toys need to be 3C certified? What do you need to pay attention to when choosing toys?
I. National standards for toys
In 2014, our country launched the strong GB 6675-2014 toy safety standard part 1-4, and the compulsory implementation on January 1, 2016. The standard includes the following four parts:
GB 6675.1-2014 Toy safety -- Part 1: Basic specifications
GB 6675.2-2014 Safety of toys -- Part 2: Mechanical and physical properties
GB 6675.3-2014 Toy safety -- Part 3: Flammability
GB 66754-2014 Toy safety -- Part 4: Migration of specific elements
The standard takes safety as the core goal, expands the scope of application of the standard, and tightens the requirements of related safety indicators. For plasticizers of public concern, the standard lists dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and six other plasticizers as restricted substances, the limit requirements are the same as the European Union.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) :
ISO 8124-1-2014 Safety of toys, mechanical and physical properties
ISO 8124-2-214 Safe flammability of toys
ISO 8124-3-2014 Heavy metal migration for toy safety
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) :
IEC 62115-2011 Safety standard for electric toys
European Union Standard (EN) :
EN 71-1 Physical and mechanical tests
EN 71-2 Flammability test
EN 71-3 Toxic metal migration tests
EN 71-4 Chemical experimental toys
EN 71-5 Non-experimental chemical toys
EN 71-7 Coating and coating requirements
EN 71-8 Swing, slide and similar toys for indoor and outdoor family entertainment
EN 71-9 General requirements for organic compounds in toys
EN 71-10 Sample preparation and extraction of organic compounds
EN 71-11 Methods for the analysis of organic compounds
EN 71-12 N-nitrosamines and N-nitroso compounds
EN 71-13 Requirements for aromatics in specific toys
EN 71-14 Trampoline for domestic use
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) :
CPSIA US Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act
American Society for Materials and Testing (ASTM) :
ASTM F963-16 United States Toy Safety Standard
Two, toys 3C certification
In the "General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the State, Certification and Accreditation Administration in 2005 No. 198 announcement" in accordance with the "Product quality Law of the People's Republic of China", "Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China", "Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People's Republic of China", "Certification and accreditation Regulations of the People's Republic of China" and "mandatory product certification management provisions ", decided to implement mandatory product certification for some toy products, including: baby buggies, electric toys, catapult toys, metal toys, doll toys, plastic toys six categories of toys.
In all kinds of toys CCC implementation rules, and the scope of all kinds of toys are limited.
1, buggy class: suitable for children designed or scheduled to ride and play on the buggy products, including: children's bicycles (big saddle height in the range of 435mm ~ 635mm), children's tricycles, children's carts, baby walkers, toy bicycles (big saddle height less than 435mm), electric buggy, other toy vehicles.
2. Electric toys: Applicable to toys designed or intended for children under the age of 14 with at least one function requiring the use of electric energy, including electric toys of various materials, video toys, audio-visual toys, etc. Note: transformers and battery chargers are not included.
3. Ejection toys: applicable to the toy products designed or intended for children under 14 years of age, which are energy storing ejection toys that launch projectiles through an ejection mechanism that can store and release energy, and non-energy storing ejection toys that launch projectiles with energy given by children. Does not include slingshots, slingshots, darts or javelins with metal points, pneumatic and pneumatic air guns and steam pistols, bow and arrow devices with a large slack length of the bowstring greater than 120cm.
4. Metal toys: Applicable to non-electric toy products designed or intended for children under the age of 14 whose main body is made of metal materials and is not intended to carry children's weight, including static metal toys and motor metal toys. Does not include: similar stationery toys, mouth toys, etc.
5. It is applicable to non-electric doll toy products designed or intended for children under 14 years of age, with at least the head and limbs made of non-textile polymeric materials and with clothing or a body filled with soft materials.
6. Plastic toys: Applicable to non-electric toy products designed or intended for children under the age of 14 whose toy body is made of plastic and is not intended to carry children's weight, including static plastic toys and motor plastic toys. Not including inflatable toys, mouth toys, similar stationery toys, water toys, etc.
Certified products shall have the certification mark affixed to the appropriate location of the certified product body or on the product label. For products that cannot be affixed with the certification mark on the body, the certification mark should be affixed to the small package.
Can adopt the national unified printing standard specification mark, or by printing, molding, molding. If printing is used. The way of molding and molding is applied. The logo printing scheme should be submitted to the CNCA for approval of the mandatory product certification mark issuance and management body approval, and the factory code of the product should be marked below the logo.
The certification mark is usually printed on the bottom or back of the product, and the product code, warning sign in the same place.
Three, how to choose toys
When buying imported toys, you can start from the following three aspects:
1. Read the Chinese logo and instruction manual. According to the requirements of the new national standard, safe toys should have sound Chinese labeling and instructions, qualified imported toys must be printed on the product 3C logo, consumers can log in the CNCA website to check the authenticity, do not buy "three without" products. At the same time, you can view the "toy Chinese instruction manual". Imported toys must be equipped with a complete Chinese version of the instruction manual.
2. Focus on appearance, workmanship and smell. Consumers check whether the toys have potential dangers, whether there are small parts and easy to fall off small parts, whether there is a danger of rope around the neck, whether there is a danger of dust fluff inhalation, whether there is a sharp cutting edge of the tip of the hand, whether there is a danger of clamping hands and so on. In addition, should try not to choose bright color, pungent smell of toys, because the use of a variety of bright color coating plasticizer often cause excessive phthalate content.
3. Check the entry inspection and quarantine certificate. Formal channels imported toys through inspection and quarantine departments layer upon layer screening and testing, qualified will get a belong to their own "certificate of qualification", that is, "Inspection and quarantine Certificate of entry goods", with their own certificate of qualification, all kinds of toys can be on the shelves for sale, consumers can rest assured to buy.